( This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published.)
Author : Konica Sehgal
Apart from water coverage, bad quality water also affects the population in a significant way, which hampers their overall sustainability. Water quality can be interlinked to various issues in health, economic and social aspects of an individual.
Water quality in India has worsened due to over drafting of groundwater, geogenic contamination of surface water, insufficient mechanisms and technology to check water quality and minimal attention paid to water quality issues, over the years. In reference to the aforementioned states; Bihar, Odisha, Rajasthan and Maharashtra, the current water quality status in these states is given in figure 1.
The graph maps the top five states of india with maximum number of PPP projects. They are Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The PPP projects in these states is with respect to all sectors.
The graph maps there progress since September 2007 till September 2017. The graph is also calculating the current status’ of the PPP projects.
The PPP projects considered are from September 2007 to September 2017. They are from 5 sectors of Tourism, Social Infrastructure, Airports, Transport, Ports, Oil/gas/LNG, Commercial Infrastructure. The PPP projects in these sectors are lower than 250. The least number of projects are seen in Tourism sector and the maximum in Commercial Infrastructure.
Social Infrastructure sector includes Health and Education. Commercial Infrastructure sector includes Common infrastructure for SEZ , Inland waterways, Post harvest storage infrastructure including cold storage, Telecom towers.
The PPP projects considered are from September 2007 to September 2017. They are from 5 sectors of Railways, Water and Sanitation, Electricity, Renewable Energy and Roads. The PPP projects in these sectors are highest. Roads sector has till date maximum number of projects with respect to PPP.
Water and Sanitation sector includes Irrigation, Sewage collection treatment, Solid waste management, Storm water drainage, Water supply pipeline and Water treatment plants. Electricity sector includes Electricity distribution, generation and transmission.
( This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published. Introduction of the report has been provided in this post.)
Author : Konica Sehgal
Rural India is home to about 67% of the India’s population. India has about 4% of the world’s freshwater resources; making it one of the top ten water rich countries. It is also home to 17% of the world population, making it the second most populated country in the world.
( This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published. Abstract and contents of the entire report has been provided in this post.)
Author : Konica Sehgal
India is designated as a water stressed nation. The rural water coverage stands at 77% and water quality affected habitations at 4% as in 2016. The report evaluates rural water supply in four Indian states; Bihar, Odisha, Rajasthan, Maharashtra. Bihar and Odisha take the third last and second last positions respectively in comparison with other Indian States In the Human Development index as in 2015. Bihar is a ground water abundant state while Maharashtra receives its supply of water from rivers and is traditionally a better off state, more so in its water infrastructure. Rajasthan is the largest Indian state by area where drafting of ground water stands at 125% of the recharge. Each state being different in its character, have different problems and different mechanisms to tackle with the same. This report evaluates the extent of availability, the quality of water in these states and the technologies we can deploy to help improve the situation. We further see how PPP can help and where each state stands at PPP implementation in the rural water sector.
Author – Surabhi Nagi
Given the current low growth high inflation scenario of the Indian economy, there is little hope that the financial situation can be flipped being completely reliant on the government. Poor economic management coupled with inadequate polices from the government have been the central issues leading India to the vicious cycle of low growth. The country that was projected to grow at 7% reported the GDP growth rate slump to 5.7%. There is a dire need for investments both in core as well as social sector infrastructure to foster employment vis a vis boosting the GDP post GST and demonetization blues. The NDA government at the center is gung ho after the credit rating increase by Moody and a status quo with a positive outlook by S&P. Though, it would boost the confidence of the domestic and foreign investors, it is the need of the hour that both the government and the private players come together to foster new investments to augment the productivity. Productivity enhancing structural reforms that auger well with both the private as well as the public sectors need to prioritized.
Authors – Vivek Dahiya and Payal Dey
Needless to say, rural and urban areas are dependent on each
other economically and financially. With most of the rural population surviving on agriculture, they eye urban areas as potential markets to earn profits. Likewise, urban businesses also depend on rural areas for raw materials. For the functioning of this demand-supply cycle, we need “sustainable infrastructure”, which is in deficit in India, more so due to a huge infrastructural gap between two areas. Because of this gap, India is still struggling with economic disparity.