Evaluating water perspectives in 4 Indian states (PART 1)

This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published. Introduction of the report has been provided in this post.)

Author : Konica Sehgal

  1. Introduction

Rural India is home to about 67% of the India’s population. India has about 4% of the world’s freshwater resources; making it one of the top ten water rich countries. It is also home to 17% of the world population, making it the second most populated country in the world.[...] Read more

Evaluating water perspectives in 4 Indian states (ABSTRACT)

This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published. Abstract and contents of the entire report has been provided in this post.)

Author : Konica Sehgal


India is designated as a water stressed nation. The rural water coverage stands at 77% and water quality affected habitations at 4% as in 2016. The report evaluates rural water supply in four Indian states; Bihar, Odisha, Rajasthan, Maharashtra. Bihar and Odisha take the third last and second last positions respectively in comparison with other Indian States In the Human Development index as in 2015. Bihar is a ground water abundant state while Maharashtra receives its supply of water from rivers and is traditionally a better off state, more so in its water infrastructure. Rajasthan is the largest Indian state by area where drafting of ground water stands at 125% of the recharge. Each state being different in its character, have different problems and different mechanisms to tackle with the same. This report evaluates the extent of availability, the quality of water in these states and the technologies we can deploy to help improve the situation. We further see how PPP can help and where each state stands at PPP implementation in the rural water sector.[...] Read more

“People first” PPP for Sustainable Development in India: A new beginning

Author – Surabhi Nagi

Given the current low growth high inflation scenario of the Indian economy, there is little hope that the financial situation can be flipped being completely reliant on the government. Poor economic management coupled with inadequate polices from the government have been the central issues leading India to the vicious cycle of low growth. The country that was projected to grow at 7% reported the GDP growth rate slump to 5.7%. There is a dire need for investments both in core as well as social sector infrastructure to foster employment vis a vis boosting the GDP post GST and demonetization blues. The NDA government at the center is gung ho after the credit rating increase by Moody and a status quo with a positive outlook by S&P. Though, it would boost the confidence of the domestic and foreign investors, it is the need of the hour that both the government and the private players come together to foster new investments to augment the productivity. Productivity enhancing structural reforms that auger well with both the private as well as the public sectors need to prioritized.[...] Read more

Addressing Rural-Urban Divide through PPPs

Authors – Vivek Dahiya and Payal Dey



Needless to say, rural and urban areas are dependent on each
other economically and financially. With most of the rural population surviving on agriculture, they eye urban areas as potential markets to earn profits. Likewise, urban businesses also depend on rural areas for raw materials. For the functioning of this demand-supply cycle, we need “sustainable infrastructure”, which is in deficit in India, more so due to a huge infrastructural gap between two areas. Because of this gap, India is still struggling with economic disparity.[...] Read more

Auditing PPPs – Does CAG have any powers?

Author – Shaktiki Sharma

Public – Private Partnerships (PPPs) are the most reliable format for all developing nations these days moving towards infrastructure growth. Considering that India too with its ambitious plans of world class infrastructure, has a broad playground for PPPs and has also been exploiting it generously while seeking more in future. Consequently lack of transparency and accountability in these projects is bound to gain attention. More so, because of the huge public resources involved along with the social & consumerist angles to these projects. Public audit (by a body akin to CAG) of a government entity is aimed at providing unbiased and objective assessment of whether public resources are being used and managed responsibly and optimally. The evaluation is towards whether the intended results are achieved by these entities. Reports of such evaluation help the government to bring in more accountability, instilling greater confidence in the public in general and stakeholders in specific, adoption of better procedures and operations for future initiatives and lastly but most importantly recognizing the need for shelving or updating schemes/policies when results don’t satisfy.[...] Read more

For the triumph of the Toilets!

Author – Debayani Panja

On 19th and 20th November, the “World Toilet Day“conference was organized by UNU-MERIT, amidst the brouhaha of the demonetization. Chuckling at the name of the conference is quite natural, but the cause of concern at the conference was as huge as the demonetization today. The inaugural address was given by Dr. Nirmala Sitharaman, Honourable Minister of State for Commerce and Industry. She highlighted the problem of proper sanitation in the coastal areas and the challenges faced with the existing models in those regions. She underlined the importance of the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana to achieve the goals of sanitation in India and the customized approaches taken by Swachh Bharat Mission to achieve the goal of making India Open Defecation Free (ODF).[...] Read more

GISI-Global Initiative for Sustainable Infrastructure!

Author – Radha Krishna Tripathy

GISI is established as a think tank under CIRC and focuses on providing policy solutions to government, international organizations including the multilateral development banks to achieve equitable growth and shared prosperity through infrastructure development. Dr. Arvind Mayaram, former finance secretary, government of India, is leading this initiative as Chairman CIRC.

GISI would primarily focus on 4 goals of SDG (Sustainable Development Goals), namely SDG 6 (Access to water and sanitation), SDG 8 (Employment and Decent work), SDG9 ( Reliable and resilient Infrastructure) and SDG 17( Partnership for sustainable development). With these SDG goals in focus, GISI under CIRC has started working on various projects under People first PPP projects.[...] Read more