Waste to Wealth

The current mismanagement of the waste and our nonchalant attitude has started raising serious health and sanitation issues like weaker immune systems, breathing problems, bacterial infections, elevated cardiovascular risk, and other infections. Breeding of mosquitoes has become easier and vector borne diseases like dengue and malaria have become rampant. Moreover, the decomposition of organic waste with hazardous waste contaminates soil and water ultimately finding its way into our food chain.

CPCB report (2016) says that the metropolitan cities generate 10.1 Million tonnes of waste every year, with the capital city Delhi generating 3.3 million tonnes of waste per year.[...] Read more

Overlooked Realities of Maharashtra and Odisha

Authors – Debayani Panja (Research Associate, CIRC) and Konica Sehgal (Intern, CIRC)

Every person has a right to potable water. Insufficient water infrastructure has indirect linkage to productivity of men and women, leading to health problems, out-of-pocket medical expenditures and loss of employment days. This affects overall growth of a society. In India, water is a state subject. Adequate and potable drinking water to the whole of India has been a priority since Independence. National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) by central government aims to cover the entire nation under water coverage, the figure of which stands at 86% as per 2001 census.[...] Read more

Evaluating water perspectives in 4 Indian states (PART 4)

( This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published.)

Author : Konica Sehgal

  1. Role of Public Private Partnership and how can it help

A partnership between public and private sectors helps the public sector to expand its intellectual as well as financial resources. The value added by PPP consists of an improvement in the quality of development policy taping the powers of innovation of the private player and access of additional financial resources. Further criteria of PPPs are sharing of risks and division of tasks according to the model we deploy in an industry. This partnership further helps investment and development in areas where the public sector would otherwise not perform well due to lack of funds and state of the art technology. On the other hand, for the private sector, a PPP helps in diversifying risks and ensure a fixed return when tapping into a less profitable venture.[...] Read more

Evaluating water perspectives in 4 Indian states (PART 2)

This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published.)

Author : Konica Sehgal

  1. Effects of bad quality water to other areas

Apart from water coverage, bad quality water also affects the population in a significant way, which hampers their overall sustainability. Water quality can be interlinked to various issues in health, economic and social aspects of an individual.

2.1 Health

Water quality in India has worsened due to over drafting of groundwater, geogenic contamination of surface water, insufficient mechanisms and technology to check water quality and minimal attention paid to water quality issues, over the years. In reference to the aforementioned states; Bihar, Odisha, Rajasthan and Maharashtra, the current water quality status in these states is given in figure 1.[...] Read more

Evaluating water perspectives in 4 Indian states (PART 1)

This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published. Introduction of the report has been provided in this post.)

Author : Konica Sehgal

  1. Introduction

Rural India is home to about 67% of the India’s population. India has about 4% of the world’s freshwater resources; making it one of the top ten water rich countries. It is also home to 17% of the world population, making it the second most populated country in the world.[...] Read more

Evaluating water perspectives in 4 Indian states (ABSTRACT)

This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published. Abstract and contents of the entire report has been provided in this post.)

Author : Konica Sehgal

ABSTRACT

India is designated as a water stressed nation. The rural water coverage stands at 77% and water quality affected habitations at 4% as in 2016. The report evaluates rural water supply in four Indian states; Bihar, Odisha, Rajasthan, Maharashtra. Bihar and Odisha take the third last and second last positions respectively in comparison with other Indian States In the Human Development index as in 2015. Bihar is a ground water abundant state while Maharashtra receives its supply of water from rivers and is traditionally a better off state, more so in its water infrastructure. Rajasthan is the largest Indian state by area where drafting of ground water stands at 125% of the recharge. Each state being different in its character, have different problems and different mechanisms to tackle with the same. This report evaluates the extent of availability, the quality of water in these states and the technologies we can deploy to help improve the situation. We further see how PPP can help and where each state stands at PPP implementation in the rural water sector.[...] Read more

For the triumph of the Toilets!

Author – Debayani Panja

On 19th and 20th November, the “World Toilet Day“conference was organized by UNU-MERIT, amidst the brouhaha of the demonetization. Chuckling at the name of the conference is quite natural, but the cause of concern at the conference was as huge as the demonetization today. The inaugural address was given by Dr. Nirmala Sitharaman, Honourable Minister of State for Commerce and Industry. She highlighted the problem of proper sanitation in the coastal areas and the challenges faced with the existing models in those regions. She underlined the importance of the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana to achieve the goals of sanitation in India and the customized approaches taken by Swachh Bharat Mission to achieve the goal of making India Open Defecation Free (ODF).[...] Read more