Like winter and summer solstices of investment cycles, every six months we take stock of how much private participation in infrastructure has come to financial close across emerging markets. This is basically effecting countries like Mozambique to Moldova, Chile to China—in power, water, transport, and the backbone of telecom services—the World Bank Group tracks every new public-private partnership (PPP), privatization, auction, concession, lease, and management contract through our PPI Database. The first half of 2018 tells its own story about how developing countries are crowding in private finance and operational efficiency across infrastructure sectors, a process referred to as Maximizing Finance for Development at the World Bank Group. The underlying countries of concentration, sectoral movements, and financial structures provide insight into what kinds of investments are working for both governments and private investors and operators. The data are summarized here, but highlights include:
The current mismanagement of the waste and our nonchalant attitude has started raising serious health and sanitation issues like weaker immune systems, breathing problems, bacterial infections, elevated cardiovascular risk, and other infections. Breeding of mosquitoes has become easier and vector borne diseases like dengue and malaria have become rampant. Moreover, the decomposition of organic waste with hazardous waste contaminates soil and water ultimately finding its way into our food chain.
CPCB report (2016) says that the metropolitan cities generate 10.1 Million tonnes of waste every year, with the capital city Delhi generating 3.3 million tonnes of waste per year.
Authors – Debayani Panja (Research Associate, CIRC) and Konica Sehgal (Intern, CIRC)
Every person has a right to potable water. Insufficient water infrastructure has indirect linkage to productivity of men and women, leading to health problems, out-of-pocket medical expenditures and loss of employment days. This affects overall growth of a society. In India, water is a state subject. Adequate and potable drinking water to the whole of India has been a priority since Independence. National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) by central government aims to cover the entire nation under water coverage, the figure of which stands at 86% as per 2001 census.
The PPP projects considered are from September 2007 to September 2017. They are from water and sanitation sector, and represent various aspects like waste management, water supply pipeline, water treatment plant and irrigation. The PPP projects here are all Central government projects and the pie chart represents their total project cost.
The total project cost in the irrigation has been higher than the other three, pegged at 26.19%.
The PPP projects considered are from September 2007 to September 2017. They are from 2 sectors of education and health. The PPP projects here are all Central government projects and the pie chart represents their total project cost in each sector.
The total project cost in the health sector has been higher than the total project cost in education sector at 67.07%.
( This is a report evaluating the water and related concerns in 4 states of India – Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. Every week a part of the report will be published.)
Author : Konica Sehgal
A partnership between public and private sectors helps the public sector to expand its intellectual as well as financial resources. The value added by PPP consists of an improvement in the quality of development policy taping the powers of innovation of the private player and access of additional financial resources. Further criteria of PPPs are sharing of risks and division of tasks according to the model we deploy in an industry. This partnership further helps investment and development in areas where the public sector would otherwise not perform well due to lack of funds and state of the art technology. On the other hand, for the private sector, a PPP helps in diversifying risks and ensure a fixed return when tapping into a less profitable venture.
The PPP projects considered are from September 2007 to September 2017. They are from 5 sectors of Tourism, Social Infrastructure, Airports, Transport, Ports, oil/gas/LNG and Commercial Infrastructure. The PPP projects here are all Central government projects and the graph represents the number of projects compared to their compiled cost.
Social Infrastructure sector includes Health and Education. Commercial Infrastructure sector includes Common infrastructure for SEZ , Inland waterways, Post harvest storage infrastructure including cold storage, Telecom towers.